Researchers from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health have reported that mothers in low- and middle-income countries experience high rates of depression during pregnancy and following the birth of their babies. The study found that one in four mothers experience antepartum depression and one in five experience postpartum depression. These rates are significantly higher than in high-income countries.
These figures are alarming as the repercussions on child health outcomes is significant. While research on these outcomes in low- and middle-income countries is lacking, and further research needs to be conducted to see what consequences maternal depression can gave on children's development. Speculatively, cognitive and social development would be hindered.